Gallbladder cancer is one of the most common types of biliary tract malignancy. In its early stages, it can be treated with surgery, while in the later stages, surgery is done to manage the symptoms of gallbladder cancer. Below, a gallbladder cancer doctor in Kolkata explains the different types of gallbladder cancer surgery.

Types of gallbladder cancer surgery

●        Staging laparoscopy

As per a gallbladder cancer doctor, staging laparoscopy is done before other gallbladder cancer surgeries to check for the spread of cancer (metastasis). During this procedure, small cuts and incisions are made. The surgeon then inserts a laparoscope to check the abdomen. If the cancerous areas are found to be resectable, they will be removed in the procedure.

●        Simple cholecystectomy

Simple cholecystectomy is another surgery done for gallbladder cancer treatment. This operation removes the gallbladder if gallstones are present. In case gallbladder cancer is suspected, more extensive surgery will be required.

●        Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

In a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the surgeon inserts a thin, flexible tube called a laparoscope with an attached tiny camera after making a small cut in the abdomen. Long surgical tools will then be used to remove the gallbladder. It is one of the ways by which simple cholecystectomy is performed. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is preferable due to its small incision size

●        Open cholecystectomy

For open cholecystectomy, the surgeon removes the gallbladder through a large cut made in the abdominal wall. This method is used for treating gallstones. However, it can also lead to the diagnosis of gallbladder cancer. But, if it is suspected before the surgery, the doctor will prefer an extended cholecystectomy.

●        Radical or extended cholecystectomy

To prevent the risk of gallbladder cancer coming back, an extensive operation known as extended or radical cholecystectomy will be performed. The extent of this surgery will depend on how far gallbladder cancer has spread. A radical or extended cholecystectomy will remove the gallbladder, an inch of the liver tissue next to your gallbladder, and all the lymph nodes in the region.

Gallbladder cancer surgery is done for the treatment of gallbladder cancer in its early stages. Consult with the best gallbladder cancer surgeon in Kolkata to know which type of surgery will be best suitable for you.