Gallbladder cancer occurs due to the abnormal growth of cells in the gallbladder. Some of the symptoms of gallbladder cancer are abdominal pain and bloating, loss of weight, and yellowing of the whites of your eyes and skin. If you notice any of these symptoms, then you can read below to know the diagnosis and treatment for gallbladder cancer by the best gallbladder cancer surgeon in Kolkata.
Diagnosis of gallbladder cancer by the best gallbladder cancer surgeon in Kolkata
Some of the ways by which a gallbladder cancer doctor in Kolkata diagnoses gallbladder cancer are as follows.
For a biopsy, a small tissue sample will be taken from your gallbladder for making a diagnosis. The pathologist analyzes and examines the sample and gives a diagnosis report.
- Blood tests
The doctor can ask for a blood test from the patient to check if there are abnormal bilirubin levels in the blood. When people suffer from gallbladder cancer, they have high bilirubin levels. It happens due to a blockage by a tumor in the common bile duct.
Ultrasounds use sound waves to form some pictures of the internal organs. Tumors create different echoes than normal tissue does. For this reason, the doctor will be able to locate the mass inside your body.
By making a small incision in the abdomen and inserting an endoscope, the doctor takes a look at your gallbladder to observe and make a diagnosis.
- CT scan
A CT scan checks for abnormalities in your gallbladder. At the same time, it can also detect the size of the tumor.
Treatment for gallbladder cancer
Below are some of the best gallbladder cancer treatments in Kolkata.
Surgery for gallbladder cancer can involve the surgical removal of the gallbladder or cholecystectomy along with the lymph nodes present nearby. If gallbladder cancer is in an advanced stage, then the doctor can perform surgery on the bile duct that has been blocked by a tumor. Additionally, the surgery can also drain the bile because of the blockage.
- Radiation therapy
In radiation, high-energy rays are used to limit growth and kill cancer cells.
During chemotherapy, drugs are used to stop the growth of any cancer cells. These can be drugs that the patient can take orally, or the drugs can be given to you in the form of an IV or intravenous infusion or injected in the abdomen.
Gallbladder cancer does not always cause many symptoms until in the later stages. So, it is important to get an early diagnosis for receiving treatment.