According to a breast cancer surgeon in Kolkata, breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in women. Breast cancer prevention has been proven to be dependent on lifestyle changes. Diet, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol intake are all important factors in determining a woman’s risk of breast cancer. Because these factors are interconnected, determining their distinct characteristics to breast cancer.
Breast cancer is linked to a high mortality and morbidity rate in females. Therefore, it is logical to look for measures to reduce the risk of breast cancer. Lifestyle changes appear to be an easy, effective, and economical way to help prevent breast cancer, as recommended by Dr. Soumen Das, one of the best breast cancer doctors in Kolkata.
Here Are 8 Specific Lifestyle-Related Changes To Decrease Breast Cancer Risk
Exercise helps maintain and promote a person’s physical and mental well-being. Adults should engage in moderate- to vigorous-intensity activities on everyday exercise regime.
Although it is unknown how and how much physical exercise reduces the risk of breast cancer, there is evidence suggesting it reduces the risk of breast cancer by 20-40%. Even a small amount of exercise is preferable to none at all.
2. Weight and diet-
The link between a person’s weight and their risk of breast cancer is complicated. It is suggested by the best breast cancer doctor in Kolkata that you should maintain a healthy weight and eat fresh, nutritious foods throughout your life.
During premenopause, estrogen is produced mainly by the ovaries, with very little estrogen produced by fat tissue. Thus, being overweight or obese after menopause increases your risk of breast cancer. Premenopause obesity, on the other hand, may reduce the chance of hormone-positive breast cancer while raising the risk of severe triple-negative breast cancer.
3. Alcohol and Tobacco-
Alcohol metabolism and its use are firmly connected to an elevated risk of breast cancer.
It’s better to avoid alcohol entirely, or at least limit yourself to one drink each day. The risk of developing breast cancer increases as the amount of alcohol is consumed. Consumption of one alcoholic drink per day rises by 7-10%, while consumption of two to three drinks per day increases by 20%. Alcohol use has also been related to an increased risk of various cancers.
Smoking heavily regularly may raise your chances of developing breast cancer.
Pregnancy before 30 with delivery on due date is a preventive factor against breast cancer. Breast cancer risk is somewhat increased in women who have never had children or had their first child after 30. Breast cancer risk is reduced by having several pregnancies and being pregnant at a young age.
Most research shows that for breastfeeding for more than two years reduces the incidence of breast cancer. Breastfeeding decreases cancer risk by 4.3% each year.
6. Use of birth control-
Hormonal contraception or oral contraceptive pills creates a significant increase in the risk of breast cancer. This might be because oral contraceptives contain hormones to prevent women from becoming pregnant, which could overstimulate breast cells and raise the risk of breast cancer.
7. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after menopause-
Hormone replacement treatment, which is used to reduce the symptoms of menopause, has been linked to the risk of causing breast cancer. According to a breast cancer surgeon in Kolkata, the longer you use HRT, the larger the risk. Combination HRT (estrogen + progesterone) carries a higher risk than estrogen-only HRT. The risk is higher during recent usage, then lowers to average risk following 2 years after HRT cessation.
HRT also raises the risk of ovarian and uterine cancer.
8. Chemicals in the environment-
Exposure to certain chemicals may increase breast cancer risk. Women are exposed to various chemicals, toxins, and pollutants in everyday activities. Chemicals in personal care products, furnishings, food packaging plastics, construction materials, air pollution, and cosmetics may imitate and disturb the natural hormone balance, raising the risk of breast cancer.
A healthy diet provides various advantages for the body, including strengthening the immune system and maintaining a healthy weight, among other things.
Maintaining a healthy weight and eating a well-balanced diet can help to lower the risk of breast cancer. Also, for women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer and are undergoing breast cancer treatment in Kolkata, making lifestyle changes can decrease the recurrence rate and raise the chances of survival.
For more information on breast cancer surgery in Kolkata, consult with Dr. Soumen Das.