Some people inherit gene mutations that increase their risk of developing breast cancer. Genetic testing and counselling plays a crucial role in determining these genetic changes or mutations. Read on to know more about its importance in the treatment of breast cancer from the top breast cancer surgeon in Kolkata.

Types of genetic mutations in breast cancer patients:

Breast cancer mostly occurs when there is a mutation in the genes of BRCA1 and BRCA2. Women who have a strong family history of breast cancer along with other cancers like pancreatic, prostate, or ovarian cancer are likely to have these genetic mutations. Additionally, some other inherited genetic mutations that might increase the risk of the disease are-

  • ATM
  • CHEK2
  • PTEN
  • CDH1
  • TP53
  • PALB2

Genetic testing or counselling enables early detection of breast cancer to prevent complications and offer prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Who needs genetic testing or counselling?

According to the best breast cancer doctor in Kolkata, genetic testing is recommended for people who are-

  • Diagnosed with breast cancer: Genetic counselling and testing is beneficial for breast cancer treatment if-
  1. You are diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age
  2. Your breast cancer is triple-negative
  3. You were diagnosed with breast cancer on another breast
  4. You have a family of breast and other cancer, as mentioned above
  • At risk of inherited gene mutations: Genetic testing might be suggested to people who are at high risk of genetic mutations, like-
  1. Women who were diagnosed with pancreatic or ovarian cancer
  2. People who have a family history of getting diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age

How does genetic testing work in breast cancer treatment?

Genetic testing results can reveal the following, which can be beneficial in early diagnosis and prevention of breast cancer.

  • Positive mutation: If the test detects a mutation, your doctor might suggest you take certain preventative measures to lower your risk of developing the disease.
  • Negative mutation: Though the results of a negative mutation can be reassuring. However, if you have a family history of breast cancer, your doctor might suggest you take some other tests to detect the presence of other gene mutations.

It is not always possible to understand the specifics of genetic test results. Hence, it’s important to consult the best breast cancer surgeon in Kolkata for further evaluation and opinion.

Genetic testing is vital in breast cancer treatment and prevention. It helps your doctor make informed decisions and determine the course of your treatment.