Early detection of rectal cancer is important because it increases the likelihood of successful treatment. If rectal cancer is detected at an early stage, there is a higher chance of cure and a lowers risk of complications. If rectal cancer is not detected early, it can spread to nearby lymph nodes or other organs, which can make it more difficult to treat. In advanced stages, rectal cancer can even become life-threatening, says a rectal cancer surgeon in Kolkata.

Screening and early detection for rectal cancer

Screening is also important for the early detection of rectal cancer. Screening tests can detect cancer in people who do not have any symptoms. These tests can help find cancer at an early stage. During this time, treatment through rectal cancer surgery has a greater chance of being successful. The two main types of screening tests for rectal cancer are colonoscopy and fecal occult blood test (FOBT).

Colonoscopy is a test that examines the entire rectum and colon with the help of a long, flexible tube with a camera on its end. During a colonoscopy, the doctor removes any polyps or abnormal growths found in the colon or rectum. Polyps are abnormal growths that can turn into cancer over time. Removing them can help prevent cancer from developing.

FOBT is a test that checks for the presence of blood in the stool. This test is usually done at home, and the stool sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis. If blood is found in the stool, further testing may be required to determine the cause. FOBT is a simple and non-invasive test that can help detect rectal cancer at an early stage.

How to reduce the risk of rectal cancer?

In addition to early detection and screening, there are also several other ways to reduce the risk of rectal cancer. One way to reduce rectal cancer risk is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, eating a diet rich in vegetables and fruits, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption.

It is also essential to be aware of the symptoms of rectal cancer. Symptoms of rectal cancer include changes in bowel habits, blood in the stool, abdominal pain, and unexplained weight loss. In case you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor right away.

Screening tests such as colonoscopy and FOBT can help detect rectal cancer before symptoms develop. In case you experience symptoms of rectal cancer, talk to the best rectal cancer doctor in Kolkata about screening options and receive proper treatment.